It seems like the type of diversity one seeks in a given environment depends on the task at hand. For example:
- For an edtech startup, one might want to hire people with learning disabilities, who will have unique insights about how to present content in understandable ways.
- For an EA org one wants people with many different value systems and cognitive styles and so on, to prevent blindspots.
- For a software company making normal software... I'm not sure what kind of diversity matters; maybe having people with different areas of expertise, which seems to happen naturally.
In contrast, the typical way to deal with diversity in the Western world in recent decades seems to be to focus on certain kinds of diversity as "good/essential" (regardless of the task), and to ignore other kinds of diversity.